Obesity is a serious chronic disease that can have a negative effect on many systems in your body. A person is considered obese if he or she is overweight with a high degree of body fat. Obesity is associated with a number of complications that can reduce a person’s quality of life and in severe cases, shorten one’s life. Some health experts assert that obesity is responsible for more ill health than smoking tobacco. Therefore, being significantly overweight is not good and is linked to a wide range of health issues including the following;
Coronary heart disease
As your body mass index increases, so does the risk of acquiring coronary heart disease. Coronary heart disease abbreviated as CHD, is a condition in which a waxy substance known as plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries. This makes the artery wall thicker limiting the supply of oxygenated blood to the heart. In severe situations, the plaque can block the coronary arteries and prevent blood flow to the heart muscles. This can cause severe chest pain, heart attack, heart failure or even death.
High blood pressure
Blood pressure is basically the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood. An extra fat tissue in the body requires oxygen and certain nutrients for it to live. This means that more blood is required for that fat tissue to survive. This in turn leads to increased workload for the heart since it must pump more blood to meet the body’s demand. More blood means more pressure on the artery walls. Increased pressure on the artery walls subsequently elevates the blood pressure.
This is one of the adverse effects of being obese. Being overweight can lead to a build-up of plaque in your arteries. If this build up continues, an area of the plaque can rapture causing a blood clot to form. A blood clot, especially if it is close to your brain, can block the flow of blood and oxygen to the brain causing stroke. Stroke is very dangerous as it can cause paralysis or death.
Type 2 diabetes
To a layman, diabetes is a disease in which the body’s blood sugar level is too high. Usually, the body through metabolism breaks down food into glucose then carries the glucose to cells in different parts of the body. The body cells use the hormone insulin to convert the glucose into energy. However, in type 2 diabetes, the body cells do not use the insulin properly. In the beginning, the body reacts by producing more insulin. Later on, the body fails to produce adequate insulin to control its blood sugar levels leading to diabetes type 2. It is imperative to emphasize that diabetes is a leading cause of death among many people today.
Obesity or being overweight can affect your knees and hips due to the stress placed on the joints by the extra weight. This condition occurs if the tissue that is responsible for protecting the joints wears away. Although some people may opt for joint replacement surgery, it is not advisable to go for this surgery because the artificial joint is at risk of loosening and causing more damage.
Obesity hypoventilation syndrome
OHS is a condition in which an inability to breathe deeply and quickly enough results in a low level of oxygen and a high level of carbon dioxide in the blood. This condition affects some obese people and may cause death if not treated in good time. In severe cases, the sick person may turn blue or dark blue due to the presence of excess carbon dioxide in the blood.
Obesity can cause cancer among women. Being overweight leads to an increased risk several cancers for example; breast cancer especially in postmenopausal women, cancer of the colon and rectum, cancers of the endometrium, esophagus, kidney, pancreas, gallbladder and the ovaries. This is very dangerous as it will lead to the removal of these very important organs.
Gallstones are stone-like materials that form in the gallbladder. These gallstones are made of cholesterol. In most cases these stone-like materials are very painful and they cause stomach and back pain.
Obstructive sleep apnea is a common breathing disorder in which breathing is repeatedly interrupted during sleep because the tissues in the back wall of the throat fail to keep the airway open. This disorder is usually associated with obesity and being overweight. This disorder is usually characterized by loud snoring which in most cases affects the people is sleeping near or beside you.
This is a disease that affects the joints. This disease occurs when you have too much uric acid in the blood. Gout is more common among overweight individuals. The extra uric acid present in your blood can form crystals that deposit in the joints. Remember, the more you weigh the more likely you are to get this disease.
Metabolic syndrome consists of six major health issues; elevated blood cholesterol, insulin resistance, abdominal obesity, increase of specific clotting factors in the blood, increase of particular blood components that indicate inflammation. It should be understood that metabolic syndrome is an intricate risk cause for cardiovascular disease.
In a society where physical attractiveness is characterized by being overly thin, individuals who are overweight are disadvantaged and despised. Obese people are usually held responsible for their condition and in most cases regarded to be lazy. When it comes to relationships, it is not easy for an obese man or woman to find someone to love them as they are. It is true to say that obesity is the leading cause of loss of confidence and self esteem among many people. In other cases, the disapproval of obese persons expressed by other people may lead to bias, torment and discrimination.
In conclusion, from the above dangers of obesity, it is clear to suggest that obesity is a serious health problem that is affecting a lot of people today. Although the causes of obesity are complex, it is important for you to try and avoid becoming obese.